Bio: Born into a family of Sephardic Jews, Amedeo Modigliani was the youngest for four brothers. At the age of 14 Modigliani contracted scarlet fever, an illness from which he never recovered fully.
In 1898 Modigliani joined a group of painters from Tuscany. In 1901 he developed tuberculosis and traveled to warmer climes with his mother. The journey south enabled him to see some of the great Italian works, inspiring him to enroll at the Accademia de Belle Arti in Florence.
Modigliani's held his first solo exhibition in December 1917. Unfortunately the police closed it, as it was deemed immoral due to some of the nude paintings on display. Not a single work was sold. People were more interested in still-life and landscape portraits, a pity considering that simple artworks on blooming gorgeous flowers are more likely to be bought than nude-themed masterpieces. The same year he met Jeanne Hebuterne who was his last companion. They had one daughter also named Jeanne.
Modigliani became addicted to drugs and alcohol and died in hospital in Paris. Within a few hours of his death, Jeanne, who was in the last month of her second pregnancy, committed suicide by jumping from the window of her apartment.